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01.12.2017 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders 1/2017

Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and health-related quality of life in war-related bilateral lower limb amputees

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Hanieh-Sadat Ejtahed, Mohammad-Reza Soroush, Shirin Hasani-Ranjbar, Pooneh Angoorani, Batool Mousavi, Mehdi Masumi, Farhad Edjtehadi, Mahmood Soveid

Abstract

Background

Lower limb amputation is correlated with considerable impairments in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in veterans. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in veterans with bilateral lower limb amputation and to identify its association with HRQOL.

Methods

This cross-sectional study was conducted on 235 Iranian male veterans with bilateral lower limb amputation. Demographics, anthropometrics, and biochemical measurements were assessed and MetS was defined by National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III definition. HRQOL was assessed using the 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaire which measures eight health-related domains. The scores were compared between two groups of bilateral lower limb Amputees who have diagnosed with and without MetS.

Results

The response rate was 40.7% and the mean age of the amputees was 52.05 years. 62.1% of participants were suffering from MetS (95% CI: 55.9%–68.4%). Patients with MetS were observed to have higher weight, waist and hip circumferences, FBS, TG, LDL and liver enzymes concentrations (P < 0.05). Although scores on all 8 subscales of SF-36 were low, no significant difference was observed in HRQOL scores between amputees with and without MetS. Moreover, the risk of MetS was not significantly different across subjects in the highest compared to the lowest quartile category of HRQOL scores.

Conclusions

Prevalence of MetS in veterans with bilateral lower limb amputation was higher and their HRQOL was lower compared to general population. Some strategies are needed to reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases among this susceptible population.
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