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08.10.2018

Prevention of venous thrombosis after electrophysiology procedures: a survey of national practice

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
Autoren:
Barry Burstein, Rodrigo S. Barbosa, Michelle Samuel, Eli Kalfon, François Philippon, David Birnie, Iqwal Mangat, Damian Redfearn, Roopinder Sandhu, Laurent Macle, John Sapp, Atul Verma, Jeff S. Healey, Giuliano Becker, Vijay Chauhan, Benoit Coutu, Jean-François Roux, Peter Leong-Sit, Jason G. Andrade, George D. Veenhuyzen, Jacqueline Joza, Martin Bernier, Vidal Essebag
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10840-018-0461-9) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Purpose

Femoral venous access is required for most electrophysiology procedures. Limited data are available regarding post-procedure venous thromboembolism (VTE), specifically deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). Potential preventative strategies are unclear. We aimed to survey Canadian centers regarding incidence of VTE and strategies for prevention of VTE after procedures that do not require post-procedure anticoagulation.

Methods

An online survey was distributed to electrophysiologists representing major Canadian EP centers. Participants responded regarding procedural volume, incidence of VTE post-procedure, and their practice regarding pharmacological and non-pharmacological peri-procedural VTE prophylaxis.

Results

The survey included 17 centers that performed a total of 6062 procedures in 2016. Ten patients (0.16%) had VTE (including 9 DVTs and 6 PEs) after diagnostic electrophysiology studies and right-sided ablation procedures excluding atrial flutter. Five centers (41.6%) administered systemic intravenous heparin during both diagnostic electrophysiology studies and right-sided ablation procedures. For patients taking oral anticoagulants, 10 centers (58.8%) suspend therapy prior to the procedure. Two centers (11.8%) routinely prescribed post-procedure pharmacologic prophylaxis for VTE. Four centers (23.5%) used compression dressings post-procedure and all prescribed bed rest for a maximum of 6 h. Of the variables collected in the survey, none were found to be predictive of VTE.

Conclusions

VTE is not a common complication of EP procedures. There is significant variability in the strategies used to prevent VTE events. Future research is required to evaluate strategies to reduce the risk of VTE that may be incorporated into EP practice guidelines.

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ESM 1 (DOCX 17 kb)
10840_2018_461_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Literatur
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