The present study was undertaken to evaluate real probability and pattern of cervical occult lymph node metastases (OLNM) in primary parotid carcinoma (PPC). We carried out a retrospective analysis of 66 patients treated in years 1992–2010 due to PPC, who underwent elective neck dissection (END). In search of risk factors for OLNM, we analysed the following parameters: age, sex, pT-Status, tumour size, skin invasion, facial nerve palsy, tumour fixation, extraparotid extension, localization, grade, histology, intra/periparotid LN metastases (IPLNM). OLNM was observed in 30.3% of patients. In a univariate analysis statistical significance was found for IPLNM, extraparotid extension and high risk histology. A multivariate analysis showed statistical significance only for the first variable. The most common location of cervical OLNM was level II (80%), then III (45%) and V (30%). In a compilation of our own material with data from the literature (5 series), we obtained a group of 80 patients with OLNM, selected out of 650 patients with cN0 (12.3%). The proportion of metastases to particular levels was the following: 69%—II, 22.5%—III, 20%—I,16%—V, 7.5%—IV. END should be carried out in case of all T3/T4a carcinomas with minimal range of levels II and III. Removal of levels Ib and Va is recommended as well. In the T1/T2 carcinomas with high grade/high risk histology, END should be performed including levels II and III.
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- Probability and pattern of occult cervical lymph node metastases in primary parotid carcinoma
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
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