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19.11.2019 | Ausgabe 1/2020 Open Access

Journal of Cancer Survivorship 1/2020

Process evaluation of a tailored work-related support intervention for patients diagnosed with gastrointestinal cancer

Journal of Cancer Survivorship > Ausgabe 1/2020
AnneClaire G. N. M. Zaman, Kristien M. A. J. Tytgat, Jean H. G. Klinkenbijl, Angela G. E. M. de Boer, Monique H. W. Frings-Dresen
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s11764-019-00797-3) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Angela G. E. M. de Boer and Monique H. W. Frings-Dresen contributed equally to this paper as principal investigators.

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To perform a process evaluation of a tailored work-related support intervention for patients diagnosed with gastrointestinal cancer.


The intervention comprised three tailored psychosocial work-related support meetings. To outline the process evaluation of this intervention, we used six key components: recruitment, context, reach, dose delivered, dose received and fidelity. Data were collected using questionnaires, checklists and research logbooks and were analysed both quantitatively and qualitatively.


In total, 16 hospitals, 33 nurses and 7 oncological occupational physicians (OOPs) participated. Analysis of the six key components revealed that the inclusion rate of eligible patients was 47%. Thirty-eight intervention patients were included: 35 actually had a first meeting, 32 had a second and 17 had a third. For 31 patients (89%), the first meeting was face to face, as per protocol. However, in only 32% of the cases referred to support type A (oncological nurse) and 13% of the cases referred to support type B (OOP), the first meeting was before the start of the treatment, as per protocol. The average duration of the support type A meetings was around the pre-established 30 min; for the OOPs, the average was 50 min. Protocol was easy to follow according to the healthcare professionals. Overall, the patients considered the intervention useful.


This study has shown that the strategy of tailored work-related support is appreciated by both patients and healthcare professionals and applicable in clinical practice.

Implications for Cancer survivors

The intervention was appreciated by patients; however, whether the timing of the work-related support was adequate (i.e. before treatment was started) requires further research.

Trial registration


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