Skip to main content
main-content

13.06.2020 | Original Research | Ausgabe 8/2020

Advances in Therapy 8/2020

Profile of Cardiovascular Disease Patients Who are Diagnosed with COPD in a Smoking-Cessation Unit

Zeitschrift:
Advances in Therapy > Ausgabe 8/2020
Autoren:
Juan A. Riesco, María Hidalgo, David Chipayo, José J. Gómez, Fernando Zaragozá
Wichtige Hinweise

Digital Features

To view digital features for this article go to https://​doi.​org/​10.​6084/​m9.​figshare.​12424469.

Abstract

Introduction

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have similar prevalence rates and risk factors, and both frequently occur in the same patient. The primary objective of the study was to evaluate the rate of COPD patients among subjects with some form of CVD referring to a smoking cessation unit. The secondary objective was to analyze the demographic and clinical profile of these subjects and to identify independent factors potentially associated with COPD.

Methods

Observational, prospective study involving 132 patients with smoking habits, and some form of CVD, referring to the smoking cessation unit at the Pulmonology Department of the University Hospital of Cáceres, Spain, between October 2015 and March 2017.

Results

A total of 58 patients (43.9%) were diagnosed with COPD. Main CVDs were: ischemic heart disease (76.5%), chronic heart failure (24.8%), peripheral arterial disease (18.5%), and atrial fibrillation (7.6%). Independent factors were: pack-years (> 30 versus < 30; odds ratio, OR 5.3; 95% CI 1.3–21.4); forced expiratory volume in the first second (OR 0.9; 95% CI 0.9–1.0); chronic heart failure (yes versus no; OR 4.7; 95% CI 1.3–16.4); and modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) dyspnea (2–3 versus 0; OR 18.7; 95% CI 1.9–182.0).

Conclusions

Four of ten patients with some form of CVD also experience COPD. Dyspnea, airflow limitation, smoking habits, and chronic heart failure were significant factors associated with COPD in patients with CVD. Smoking cessation units are useful to improve the diagnosis of COPD in these patients. Further prospective studies with a greater cohort of patients are required to corroborate the present results and to enhance the knowledge of the clinical profile of these patients.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Für Ihren Erfolg in Klinik und Praxis - Die beste Hilfe in Ihrem Arbeitsalltag als Mediziner

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 8/2020

Advances in Therapy 8/2020 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Innere Medizin 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

  2. Sie können e.Med Allgemeinmedizin 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Innere Medizin

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Innere Medizin und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

© Springer Medizin 

Bildnachweise