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01.12.2017 | Research | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

World Journal of Surgical Oncology 1/2017

Prognostic factors for gastrectomy in elderly patients with gastric cancer

Zeitschrift:
World Journal of Surgical Oncology > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Daisuke Ueno, Hideo Matsumoto, Hisako Kubota, Masaharu Higashida, Takashi Akiyama, Akiko Shiotani, Toshihiro Hirai

Abstract

Background

The aim of the present study was to investigate the age-specific prognostic factors in patients who underwent gastrectomy for gastric cancer.

Methods

The medical records of 366 patients with gastric cancer who underwent surgical resection at our hospital between January 2007 and December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Of the 366 patients, 117 were aged 75 years or older and 249 were aged 74 years or younger. All factors that were identified as significant using univariate analysis were included in the multivariate analysis.

Results

The median follow-up duration was 52.9 months (range, 1.0–117.5 months). We found that in patients aged 75 years or older, postoperative complications and the extent of cancer were independent prognostic factors of overall survival and disease-free survival. In contrast, in patients aged 74 years or younger, only the lymph node status and postoperative chemotherapy were independent prognostic factors for overall survival and disease-free survival, respectively.

Conclusions

Pathological outcomes and postoperative complications are important prognostic factors for survival in patients aged 75 years or older with gastric cancer, whereas pathological outcomes and postoperative chemotherapy are important prognostic factors for survival in patients aged 74 years or younger. Because the prevention of postoperative complications may contribute to improvements in the prognosis of elderly patients with gastric cancer, we suggest that it is necessary to consider limited surgery instead of radical surgery, depending on the patient’s general condition and co-morbidities.
Literatur
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