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16.05.2019 | Original Scientific Report

Prognostic Impact of the Turin Criteria in Poorly Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma

Zeitschrift:
World Journal of Surgery
Autoren:
Junko Akaishi, Tetsuo Kondo, Kiminori Sugino, Yuna Ogimi, Chie Masaki, Kiyomi Y. Hames, Tomonori Yabuta, Chisato Tomoda, Akifumi Suzuki, Kenichi Matsuzu, Takashi Uruno, Keiko Ohkuwa, Wataru Kitagawa, Mitsuji Nagahama, Ryohei Katoh, Koichi Ito
Wichtige Hinweise

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Abstract

Background

The Turin criteria including solid, trabecular, and/or insular architecture, lack of typical nuclear features of papillary carcinoma, and mitoses, necrosis, or convoluted nuclei were adopted in the recent 4th edition of the World Health Organization classification published in 2017.

Materials and methods

Between 2006 and 2017, 11,001 cases underwent initial surgery for primary malignant thyroid tumor derived from follicular cells. A total of 75 (0.7%) cases were diagnosed with PDTC according to the 2004 WHO classification. Based on the Turin criteria, 30 (40%) cases were re-classified as PDTC-Turin (+) and 45 (60%) cases were PDTC-Turin (−). Clinicopathological features and prognosis were compared between PDTC-Turin (+) and PDTC-Turin (−).

Results

Seventy-five patients (48 females and 27 males) had a median age at the time of surgery of 57 years. Preoperative diagnosis was benign in 16 (21%), follicular tumor in 40 (53%), and malignant in 19 (25%). The 5-year cause-specific survival (CSS) and disease-free survival (DFS) rates were 97% and 44% for PDTC-Turin (+) and 100% and 88% for PDTC-Turin (−). On univariate analysis, CSS and DFS rates were significantly worse in the PDTC-Turin (+) than in the PDTC-Turin (−) (p = 0.0096, and p = 0.0016). Multivariate analysis showed that Turin criteria status, Ki-67 labeling index ≥ 10%, and age 55 ≥ years were the independent prognostic factors for recurrence.

Conclusions

The prevalence of PDTC diagnosed with the Turin criteria was low, but it showed more aggressive behavior. The 2017 WHO classification reflects the prognosis more accurately than the 2004 WHO classification.

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