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01.06.2014 | Original Article | Ausgabe 6/2014

European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging 6/2014

Prognostic relevance of 18F-FDG PET uptake in patients with locally advanced, extremity soft tissue sarcomas undergoing neoadjuvant isolated limb perfusion with TNF-α and melphalan

Zeitschrift:
European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging > Ausgabe 6/2014
Autoren:
Dimosthenis Andreou, Henrike Boldt, Daniel Pink, Björn Jobke, Mathias Werner, Markus Schuler, Peter Reichardt, Per-Ulf Tunn

Abstract

Purpose

The objective of this study was to determine whether 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) can adequately assess the risk of systemic disease progression in patients with primary, localized, high-grade soft tissue sarcomas of the extremities undergoing neoadjuvant isolated limb perfusion (ILP) with tumour necrosis factor and melphalan.

Methods

This was a retrospective analysis of the files of 35 patients who underwent a PET or PET/CT scan prior to and after ILP followed by surgical resection with curative intent between 2006 and 2012. SUVmax1 was defined as the maximum standardized uptake value (SUV) at diagnosis, SUVmax2 as the maximum SUV after ILP and ΔSUVmax as the percentage difference between SUVmax1 and SUVmax2.

Results

The median follow-up was 40 months for all patients. The median SUVmax1 amounted to 7.6, while the median SUVmax2 was 4.7. The median ΔSUVmax was −44 %. Overall survival (OS) probability at 2 and 5 years amounted to 78 and 70 %, respectively, while metastasis-free survival (MFS) probability at 2 and 5 years was 67 and 64 %, respectively. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that both SUVmax2 and ΔSUVmax could predict systemic disease progression, while SUVmax1 could not adequately identify patients who went on to develop metastatic disease. The optimal cut-off value was 6.9 for SUVmax2 and −31 % for ΔSUVmax. Patients with an SUVmax2 <6.9 had a 2-year MFS of 80 %, compared to 31 % for patients with an SUVmax2 ≥ 6.9 (p < 0.001). Patients with a ΔSUVmax < −31 %, i.e. patients with a higher metabolic response, had an MFS of 76 % at 2 years, compared to 42 % for patients with a ΔSUVmax ≥ −31 % (p = 0.050).

Conclusion

SUVmax after ILP for primary, locally advanced, non-metastatic high-grade soft tissue sarcomas of the extremities appears to be significantly correlated with prognosis. Whether patients with a high SUVmax after ILP will benefit from standard or experimental adjuvant systemic treatment options should be evaluated in future studies.

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