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01.12.2018 | Primary Research | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

Cancer Cell International 1/2018

Prognostic role of RDW in hematological malignancies: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Zeitschrift:
Cancer Cell International > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Lisha Ai, Shidai Mu, Yu Hu
Wichtige Hinweise
Lisha Ai and Shidai Mu contributed equally to this work

Abstract

Background

Red blood cell distribution width (RDW), a biomarker for discrimination of anemia, has been recently identified as a prognostic factor in various types of cancer. Here we performed a meta-analysis in order to assess the correlation between RDW and the survival outcomes in patients with hematologic malignances.

Patients/methods

We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, and ISI Web of Science for relevant studies, to investigate the prognostic significance of RDW in hematological malignancies. Odds ratios or hazards ratios (HRs) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) are pooled to estimate the association between RDW and clinicopathological parameters of patients with hematologic malignances.

Results

Seven trials with 1031 patients suffering from hematological malignancies were included in the meta-analysis, and the results indicated that increased pretreatment RDW predicted poor overall survival (HR = 2.35, 95% CI 1.70–3.24), poor progress-free survival (HR = 2.44, 95% CI 1.70–3.49) and poor event-free survival (EFS) (HR = 3.15, 95% CI 1.59–6.25). Furthermore, the similar results were observed in subgroup analysis stratified by cancer type, such as multiple myeloma, and diffuse large B cell lymphoma, etc.

Conclusions

As for hematologic malignances, patients with higher RDW are more likely to have poorer prognosis than those with lower RDW.
Literatur
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