Skip to main content
main-content

12.01.2019 | Original Research

Prognostic Value of BRAF and KRAS Mutation in Relation to Colorectal Cancer Survival in Iranian Patients: Correlated to Microsatellite Instability

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
Autoren:
Ehsan Nazemalhosseini-Mojarad, Roya Kishani Farahani, Maryam Mehrizi, Kaveh Baghaei, Mohammad Yaghoob Taleghani, Mina Golmohammadi, Noshad Peyravian, Sara Ashtari, Mohmad Amin Pourhoseingholi, Hamid Asadzadeh Aghdaei, Mohammad Reza Zali
Wichtige Hinweise

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Purpose

To evaluate the prognostic role of BRAF and KRAS mutations after adjustment for microsatellite instability (MSI) in Iranian colorectal cancer (CRC) patients.

Methods

BRAF and KRAS mutations and MSI status were assessed in 258 Iranian subjects with CRC. Two hundred fifty-eight consecutive stages I-IV CRC patients, who underwent surgical resection of adenocarcinoma from 2012 to 2016, were enrolled in the research. Pyrosequencing and Cast-PCR methods were used to the detection of KRAS and BRAF mutations. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression were employed to estimate hazard ratios (HR) for the association between BRAF and KRAS mutation and overall survival (OS).

Results

KRAS and BRAF mutations were detected in 36 (14%) and 15 (5.8%) cases of 258 patients with CRC, respectively. BRAF mutations that all comprised V600E and KRAS mutations was found in codon 12 and 13 (80.6% and 19.4%), respectively. KRAS mutations were detected in 19 (15.4%) patients of 123 microsatellite stable (MSS) CRC and it is significantly associated with tumor location and metastasis. BRAF and KRAS mutant vs. wild type of BRAF and KRAS, 5-year OS was 73.3% vs. 82.3% and 83.3% vs. 81.5% (long-rank P > 0.05), respectively. KRAS mutant vs. KRAS-wild-type tumors in MSS/MSI-L status CRC patients, 5-year OS was 78.9% vs. 90.4% (long-rank p = 0.046).

Conclusion

The present study revealed that BRAF and KRAS mutations were not related to the worse overall survival, while KRAS mutation can be a prognostic factor for overall survival in sporadic microsatellite-stable (MSS) status in Iranian CRC patients.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel
  1. Sie können e.Med Innere Medizin 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

  2. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Onkologie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Onkologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise