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01.04.2015 | Original Article | Ausgabe 2/2015

Indian Journal of Surgery 2/2015

Prompt Repair of Post Cholecystectomy Bile Duct Transection Recognized Intraoperatively and Referred Early: Experience from a Tertiary Care Teaching Unit

Zeitschrift:
Indian Journal of Surgery > Ausgabe 2/2015
Autoren:
Asit Arora, H. H. Nag, Abhishek Yadav, Shaleen Agarwal, Amit Javed, Anil K. Agarwal

Abstract

Postcholecystectomy bile duct injuries are a cause of significant morbidity and occasional mortality. Intraoperative recognition and repair of complete biliary transection with hepaticojejunostomy is the recommended treatment; however, it is possible only in few patients as either the injury is not recognized intraoperatively or the center is not geared up to perform an urgent hepaticojejunostomy in these patients with a nondilated duct. Retrospective analysis of data from a tertiary care referral center over a period of 10 years from January 2000 to December 2009 to report the feasibility and outcomes of prompt repair was done (defined as repair within 72 h of index operation) of postcholecystectomy bile duct injury. Ten patients of postcholecystectomy bile duct injury detected intraoperatively and referred early underwent prompt repair. All patients had a complete transection of the bile duct (type of injuries as per Strasberg classification: Type E V: 1, Type E III: 5, Type E II: 3 and Type E I: 1). The mean duration between injury and bile duct repair in the form of Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy (RYHJ) was 22.7 (range 5–42) hours. The mean diameter of the anastomosis was 1.63 (range1–2.1) cm, and the anastomosis was stented in 7 patients. The mean duration of surgery was 4.6 +1.7 h. One patient developed bile leak on the first postoperative day, which settled by day 5. The mean duration of hospital stay was 5.1 (range 4–8) days. With a mean follow-up of 42 (range 24–110) months, all patients had excellent (70 %) or good outcome (30 %). Prompt RYHJ (within first 72 h) for postcholecystectomy biliary transection is an effective treatment and potentially limits the morbidity to the patient.

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