Skip to main content
main-content

01.12.2017 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

BMC Cancer 1/2017

Prospective phase II trial of everolimus in PIK3CA amplification/mutation and/or PTEN loss patients with advanced solid tumors refractory to standard therapy

Zeitschrift:
BMC Cancer > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Seung Tae Kim, Jeeyun Lee, Se Hoon Park, Joon Oh Park, Young Suk Park, Won Ki Kang, Ho Yeong Lim

Abstract

Background

We designed a single-arm, open-label phase II trial of everolimus in PIK3CA amplification/mutation and/or PTEN loss patients with advanced solid tumors refractory to standard therapy (#NCT02449538).

Methods

Everolimus was administered orally at a daily dose of 10 mg continuously (28-day cycles). Treatment was continued until progression of the disease or intolerable toxicity was observed. Based on Simon’s two-stage optimal design, 10 patients were treated with everolimus during the first stage.

Results

The median age of the patients was 55.5 years (range, 42–72), and the median Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) was 2 (range, 1–2). Most of the patients (50.0%) had gastric cancer (GC) as the site of their primary tumor followed by colorectal cancer (CRC), pancreatic cancer, and cholangiocarcinoma. Patients received everolimus as a third-line (3 patients), fourth-line (4 patients), fifth-line (1 patient) or sixth-line (2 patients) treatment. Complete or partial responses were not observed in any of the patients. Four patients showed stable disease, resulting in a disease control rate of 40%. The median PFS was 1.6 months (95% CI, 0.8–2.4 months). Grade 3 or greater hematologic/non-hematologic toxicity was not observed. Grade 2 diarrhea and stomatitis were reported in one patient each. There were no treatment-related deaths. There was less than one response out of the 10 initial patients during the first stage, and the study did not progress to the second stage.

Conclusions

The study did not meet its primary objective of demonstrating the anti-tumor activity of everolimus in PIK3CA amplification/mutation and/or PTEN loss patients with advanced solid tumors refractory to standard therapy. Further investigation using other genomic candidates and new-generation mTOR inhibitors is warranted in patients with treatment-refractory cancer.

Trial registration

#NCT02449538, April 2015.
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 1/2017

BMC Cancer 1/2017 Zur Ausgabe

Neu im Fachgebiet Onkologie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Onkologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise