The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/1752-4458-8-6) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
KJC carried out the systematic literature search, was involved in panel member recruitment, drafted the surveys, carried out the data collection and analysis, drafted the guidelines, and drafted the manuscript. AFJ and CMK participated in the conception and design of the Delphi research protocol, participated in the working group and helped with the drafting of the manuscript. BAK participated in the conception and design of the Delphi research protocol and participated in the working group. KSB participated in the working group. AJW recruited expert panel members and participated in the working group. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
It is estimated that the prevalence of mental illness is higher in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adolescents compared to non-Aboriginal adolescents. Despite this, only a small proportion of Aboriginal youth have contact with mental health services, possibly due to factors such as remoteness, language barriers, affordability and cultural sensitivity issues. This research aimed to develop culturally appropriate guidelines for anyone who is providing first aid to an Australian Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander adolescent who is experiencing a mental health crisis or developing a mental illness.
A panel of Australian Aboriginal people who are experts in Aboriginal youth mental health, participated in a Delphi study investigating how members of the public can be culturally appropriate when helping an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander adolescent with mental health problems. The panel varied in size across the three sequential rounds, from 37–41 participants. Panellists were presented with statements about cultural considerations and communication strategies via online questionnaires and were encouraged to suggest additional content. All statements endorsed as either Essential or Important by ≥ 90% of panel members were written into a guideline document. To assess the panel members’ satisfaction with the research method, participants were invited to provide their feedback after the final survey.
From a total of 304 statements shown to the panel of experts, 194 statements were endorsed. The methodology was found to be useful and appropriate by the panellists.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Youth mental health experts were able to reach consensus about what the appropriate communication strategies for providing mental health first aid to an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adolescent. These outcomes will help ensure that the community provides the best possible support to Aboriginal adolescents who are developing mental illnesses or are in a mental health crisis.
Additional file 1: Overview of items included, excluded, created and re-rated in each round of the survey.(PDF 150 KB)13033_2013_172_MOESM1_ESM.pdf
Additional file 2: Items that received ≥90% consensus from the expert panel and were accepted in guidelines.(PDF 147 KB)13033_2013_172_MOESM2_ESM.pdf
Additional file 3: Items excluded from the guidelines.(PDF 117 KB)13033_2013_172_MOESM3_ESM.pdf
Additional file 4: Communicating with an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander Adolescent: Guidelines for being culturally appropriate when providing mental health first aid.(PDF 317 KB)13033_2013_172_MOESM4_ESM.pdf
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- Providing culturally appropriate mental health first aid to an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander adolescent: development of expert consensus guidelines
Kathryn J Chalmers
Kathy S Bond
Anthony F Jorm
Claire M Kelly
Betty A Kitchener
- BioMed Central
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