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01.12.2011 | Case report | Ausgabe 1/2011 Open Access

Journal of Medical Case Reports 1/2011

Pulmonary intravascular lymphoma diagnosed by 18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-guided transbronchial lung biopsy in a man with long-term survival: a case report

Journal of Medical Case Reports > Ausgabe 1/2011
Tomiharu Niida, Kikuo Isoda, Koji Miyazaki, Soichiro Kanoh, Hideo Kobayashi, Ayako Kobayashi, Fumihiko Kimura, Katsumi Hayashi, Masatoshi Kusuhara, Fumitaka Ohsuzu
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1186/​1752-1947-5-295) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Authors' contributions

TN analyzed and interpreted the patient's data and made the initial diagnosis of intravascular lymphoma. KI and KM performed echocardiography and contributed to writing the manuscript. SK performed transbronchial lung biopsy with the assistance of HK, who interpreted the histological findings regarding intravascular lymphoma. AK and FK performed chemotherapy. KH interpreted the patient's radiological findings. MK supervised the clinical examination. FO performed the literature review and was responsible for writing the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.



18-Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography can detect the pulmonary involvement of intravascular lymphoma that presents no abnormality in a computed tomography scan.

Case presentation

We report the case of a 61-year-old Japanese man who had pulmonary intravascular lymphoma and no computed tomography abnormality. We were able to make an antemortem diagnosis of pulmonary intravascular lymphoma by transbronchial lung biopsy according to 18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography findings. He is free of recurrent disease 24 months after chemotherapy.


To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a long-term survivor of pulmonary intravascular lymphoma diagnosed by transbronchial lung biopsy under the guide of 18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography.

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