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03.07.2019 | Original Article

Quality Improvement in Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomy by Self-Imposed Proctored Preceptorship Model

Zeitschrift:
Indian Journal of Surgery
Autoren:
Devanshu Bansal, Virinder Kumar Bansal, A. Krishna, Mahesh Chandra Misra, S. Rajeshwari, Sarabpreet Singh, Mukut Minz
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Abstract

Initiation of an advanced laparoscopic surgery program requires skill and proper training. Despite description of multiple surgical training modules, an ideal method for training of surgeons for advanced laparoscopic procedures is lacking. We propose an abbreviated self-imposed proctored preceptorship training model as the optimum training method for training skilled laparoscopic surgeons in advanced laparoscopic procedures like laparoscopic donor nephrectomy. The laparoscopic donor nephrectomy program was started at the Institute using preceptorship-proctorship model. One hundred left laparoscopic donor nephrectomies were performed over the course of 2 years. Outcomes in terms of performance related (Surgeon) outcomes in the form of learning curve and patient outcomes in terms of donor outcomes and recipient results and were studied. Learning curve was calculated using the moving average method and calculation of mean operative time of every five consecutive cases. Mean operative time for laparoscopic donor nephrectomy was 108.1 ± 26.5 min, the warm ischemia time averaged at 3.5 ± 1.3 min and the mean blood loss was 130.1 ± 54.9 ml. Moving average analysis revealed that approximately 20 LDN cases were needed to complete the learning phase. According to the mean operative time of every five consecutive cases, learning phase of LDN was completed between 26 and 30 cases. We believe that the abbreviated self-imposed proctored preceptorship model of training is an optimum model for starting a new advanced laparoscopic surgery program and can help surgeons to overcome the initial learning curve.

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