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22.02.2018 | Original Article

Quality of Life in Patients with Reconstructions After Resections for Oral Cavity Cancers

Zeitschrift:
Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery
Autoren:
Sourabha K. Patro, Naresh K. Panda, Jaimanti Bakshi, Roshan K Verma, Parmod Kumar, Sunil Gaba, Jerry R. John

Abstract

To determine effects of reconstruction in advanced oral cavity cancers in achieving a quality of life (QOL), which can help patients to cope with their routine day to day activity. A Cross sectional analysis involving 32 patients of stage III and IV oral cavity cancers already operated in the department of otolaryngology and head and neck surgery was carried out. All these patients had resection of their tumors along with reconstruction. Patients who consented for QOL assessment and follow up through personal visit and telephonic interviews were included in the study. Voice related quality of life; Swallowing related QOL; overall Quality of life (WHO QOL BREF II) and disability assessment scale (WHO DAS II) were used for assessing the various QOL parameters during post-operative period. Patients with stage T3 tumors had better QOL compared to patients with T4 stage tumors. Patients who had reconstruction with free flaps had better QOL compared to those with Pectoralis Major myocutaneous (PMMC) flaps or those reconstructed with combinations of flaps involving delto-pectoral flaps or local flaps along with a free flap or PMMC. Patients with lower stage tumors have better QOL even after reconstruction. If available, free flaps should be preferred over local flaps. Delto-pectoral flaps should be a less preferred option in terms of QOL. Every patient should be counseled accordingly while any reconstruction plan is included in the management of cancers of oral cavity.

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