The purpose of the study was to quantitatively evaluate the size of the quadratus lumborum and to precisely display its growth dynamics in the human foetus.
Using anatomical dissection, digital-image analysis (NIS Elements AR 3.0) and statistical analysis (Student’s t test, regression analysis), the length, width, surface area, and cross-sectional area of the quadratus lumborum were measured, and the width-to-length ratio was calculated in 58 human foetuses of both sexes (26♂, 32♀) aged 16–27 weeks.
Neither sex nor right-left significant differences were found in relation with the numerical data of the growing quadratus lumborum. The length, width, and cross-sectional area of the quadratus lumborum muscle increased logarithmically, while its surface area increased proportionately to fetal age. The following growth models were computed for the quadratus lumborum: y = −70.397 + 68.501 × ln(age) ± 1.170 for length, y = −20.435 + 8.815 × ln(age) ± 0.703 for width, y = −196.035 + 14.838 × age ± 13.745 for surface area, and y = −48.958 + 20.909 × ln(age) ± 1.100 for cross-sectional area.
The fetal quadratus lumborum reveals neither sex nor bilateral differences. An increase in length and width of the growing quadratus lumborum follows in a commensurate fashion. The quadratus lumborum grows logarithmically with respect to its length, width, and cross-sectional area, and proportionately to age with respect to its surface area.
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- Quantitative anatomy of the growing quadratus lumborum in the human foetus
- Springer Paris
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