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26.04.2017 | Psycho-Oncology and Supportive Care (E Shinn and C Fagundes, Section Editor) | Ausgabe 2/2017

Current Breast Cancer Reports 2/2017

Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Breast Cancer Incidence, Risk Factors, Health Care Utilization, and Outcomes in the USA

Zeitschrift:
Current Breast Cancer Reports > Ausgabe 2/2017
Autoren:
Annina Seiler, Kyle W. Murdock, Luz M. Garcini, Diana A. Chirinos, Jeffrey Ramirez, Brielle Jackson, Christopher P. Fagundes
Wichtige Hinweise
This article is part of the Topical Collection on Psycho-Oncology and Supportive Care

Abstract

Purpose of the Review

This review examines racial/ethnic disparities in female breast cancer within the USA. Specifically, differences in breast cancer incidence, risk factors, health care utilization use, and outcomes among Caucasians and non-Caucasians are explored.

Findings

In the USA, there are striking racial/ethnic disparities for female breast cancer. The etiology of these disparities is likely multi-factorial, including genetic, behavioral, socio-cultural, and environmental elements. Relative to Caucasian women, African American, Hispanic, and Asian/Pacific Islander breast cancer patients generally have a lower survival rate and worse prognosis despite lower incidence rates. They also tend to have more associated health problems and unmet psychosocial needs.

Summary

Breast cancer patients are heterogeneous with respect to their race, cultural background, socioeconomic status, behavioral profile, and disease pathophysiology, and these factors impact health outcomes and health care needs. To reduce disparities and improve health outcomes in minority women, a multifaceted approach is required that includes efforts to minimize barriers to health care access, enhance cancer screening rates, and increase the use of culturally sensitive interventions designed to reduce symptom burden and enhance quality of life.

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