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01.12.2015 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2015 Open Access

BMC Pulmonary Medicine 1/2015

Radial endobronchial ultrasound in diagnosing peripheral lung lesions in a high tuberculosis setting

BMC Pulmonary Medicine > Ausgabe 1/2015
Adrian Chan, Anantham Devanand, Su Ying Low, Mariko Siyue Koh
Wichtige Hinweise

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Authors’ contributions

MK was the Project Director of the Health Services Development Project for Radial Endobronchial Ultrasound. All authors designed the study and collected the data. AC analysed the data with input from all authors. AC drafted the article with critical input from all authors. All authors approved the final version. AC is the guarantor for the content of the manuscript, as well as the decision to publish.



Current data for the utility of radial endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) in investigating peripheral lung lesions (PLLs) has been restricted to populations with low pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) incidence. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic utility of radial EBUS with guide sheath in the diagnosis of peripheral lung lesions in Singapore, a high TB incidence setting.


A post-hoc database analysis was performed. 123 consecutive patients with computed tomographic evidence of PLLs who underwent radial EBUS guided bronchoscopy were included.


The final diagnosis was malignancy in 76 cases and benign in 44 cases. Radial EBUS guided bronchoscopy had a sensitivity of 65.8 % for malignancy, positive predictive value of 100 %, negative predictive value of 62.9 %, and a diagnostic accuracy of 82.5 %. 22 patients had a final diagnosis of pulmonary TB. The diagnostic sensitivity for pulmonary TB was 77.3 %, with a positive predictive value of 100 %, negative predictive value of 95.2 % and a diagnostic accuracy of 95.8 %. Overall, 58.8 % of pulmonary TB cases relied on histology to make an early diagnosis.


Radial EBUS guided bronchosopy is useful in investigating PLLs in a high TB incidence setting. Our data also suggests that radial EBUS is a more rapid diagnosis technique for tuberculous lesions.
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