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01.06.2014 | Miscellaneous | Ausgabe 6/2014

European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 6/2014

Radiofrequency tonsillotomy in Sweden 2009–2012

Zeitschrift:
European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology > Ausgabe 6/2014
Autoren:
Ola Sunnergren, Claes Hemlin, Elisabeth Ericsson, Anne-Charlotte Hessén-Söderman, Elisabeth Hultcrantz, Erik Odhagen, Joacim Stalfors

Abstract

The Swedish National Registry for Tonsil Surgery has been operational since 1997. All ENT clinics in Sweden are encouraged to submit data for all patients scheduled for tonsil surgery. Preoperatively, age, gender and indication are recorded. Postoperatively, method (tonsillectomy or tonsillotomy), technique, and perioperative complications are recorded. Postoperative bleedings, pain, infections, and symptom relief are assessed through questionnaires. An earlier report from this registry showed that tonsillotomy had become more common than tonsillectomy in children with tonsil-related upper airway obstruction. The aim of this study was to categorize which instruments were used for tonsillotomy in Sweden and to compare their outcome and complication rate. All children 2–18 years, reported to the registry from March 2009 until September 2012, who underwent tonsillotomy on the indication upper airway obstruction, were included in the study. 1,676 patients were identified. In 1,602 cases (96 %), a radiofrequency instrument was used. The postoperative bleeding rate was low (1.2 %) and the degree of symptom relief was high (95.1 %). Three different radiofrequency instruments (ArthroCare Coblation®, Ellman Surgitron®, and Sutter CURIS®) were used in 96 % of the patients. There were no significant differences in the number of postoperative bleedings, postoperative infections or symptom relief between the instruments. The only difference found was in the number of days on analgesics, where more days were registered after use of Coblation®. In Sweden, radiofrequency tonsillotomy is the dominant surgical technique used for tonsil hypertrophy causing upper airway obstruction in children. There are no significant differences in outcome between the different radiofrequency instruments except for number of days on analgesics after surgery.

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