To describe the use of radiology in the emergency department (ED) in a trauma centre during a mass casualty incident, using a minimum acceptable care (MAC) strategy in which CT was restricted to potentially severe head injuries.
We retrospectively studied the initial use of imaging on patients triaged to the trauma centre following the twin terrorist attacks in Norway on 22 July 2011.
Nine patients from the explosion and 15 from the shooting were included. Fourteen patients had an Injury Severity Score >15. During the first 15 h, 22/24 patients underwent imaging in the ED. All 15 gunshot patients had plain films taken in the ED, compared to three from the explosion. A CT was performed in 18/24 patients; ten of these were completed in the ED and included five non-head CTs, the latter representing deviations from the MAC strategy. No CT referrals were delayed or declined. Mobilisation of radiology personnel resulted in a tripling of the staff.
Plain film and CT capacity was never exceeded despite deviations from the MAC strategy. An updated disaster management plan will require the radiologist to cancel non-head CTs performed in the ED until no additional MCI patients are expected.
• Minimum acceptable care (MAC) should replace normal routines in mass casualty incidents.
• MAC implied reduced use of imaging in the emergency department (ED).
• CT in ED was restricted to suspected severe head injuries during MAC.
• The radiologist should cancel all non-head CTs in the ED during MAC.
American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma. ATLS Advanced Trauma Life Support program for doctors. Student Course Manual teC, IL: American College of Surgeons (2012) American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma. ATLS Advanced Trauma Life Support program for doctors. Student Course Manual, 9th edn. American College of Surgeons, Chicago
Aylwin CJ, Konig TC, Brennan NW, Shirley PJ, Davies G, Walsh MS (2006) Reduction in critical mortality in urban mass casualty incidents: analysis of triage, surge, and resource use after the London bombings on July 7, 2005. Lancet (London, England) 368:2219–2225 CrossRef
Gjørv AB AR, Bokhari L, Enger ES, Gerkman S al. (2012) HTe. The 22 July Commission’s Report: 14
Sollid SJ, Rimstad R, Rehn M, Nakstad AR, Tomlinson AE, Strand T et al (2012) Oslo government district bombing and Utoya island shooting July 22, 2011: the immediate prehospital emergency medical service response. Scandinav J Trauma, Resuscit Emerg Med 20:3 CrossRef
Mueck FG, Wirth K, Muggenthaler M, Kreimeier U, Geyer L, Kanz KG, et al. (2016) Radiological mass casualty incident (MCI) workflow analysis: single-centre data of a mid-scale exercise. Brit J Radiol: 20150918
Gaarder C, Kroepelien CF, Loekke R, Hestnes M, Dormage JB, Naess PA (2009) Ultrasound performed by radiologists-confirming the truth about FAST in trauma. J Trauma 67:323–32 9
- Radiology response in the emergency department during a mass casualty incident: a retrospective study of the two terrorist attacks on 22 July 2011 in Norway
Victoria Solveig Young
Heidi B. Eggesbø
Pål Aksel Næss
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Neu im Fachgebiet Radiologie
Meistgelesene Bücher aus der Radiologie
e.Med Kampagnen-Visual, Mail Icon II