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29.03.2020 | Interventional | Ausgabe 8/2020

European Radiology 8/2020

Radiomics of cholangiocarcinoma on pretreatment CT can identify patients who would best respond to radioembolisation

Zeitschrift:
European Radiology > Ausgabe 8/2020
Autoren:
Cristina Mosconi, Alessandro Cucchetti, Antonio Bruno, Alberta Cappelli, Irene Bargellini, Caterina De Benedittis, Giulia Lorenzoni, Annagiulia Gramenzi, Francesco Paolo Tarantino, Lorenza Parini, Vincenzina Pettinato, Francesco Modestino, Giuliano Peta, Roberto Cioni, Rita Golfieri
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Abstract

Objectives

Results after trans-arterial radioembolisation (TARE) for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCC) depend on the architecture of the tumour. This latter can be quantified through computed tomography (CT) texture analysis. The aims of the present study were to analyse relationships between CT textural features prior to TARE and objective response (OR), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS).

Methods

Texture analysis was retrospectively applied to 55 pre-TARE CT scans of iCCs, focusing attention on the histogram-based features and the grey-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM). Texture features were harmonised using the ComBat procedure. Objective response was assessed using the Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumours 1.1. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) method was applied to select the most useful textural features related to OR.

Results

Of the 55 patients, 53 had post-TARE imaging available, showing OR in 56.6% of cases. Texture analysis showed that iCCs showing OR after TARE had a higher uptake of iodine contrast in the arterial phase (higher mean histogram values, p < 0.001) and more homogeneous distribution (lower kurtosis, p = 0.043; GLCM contrast, p = 0.004; GLCM dissimilarity, p = 0.005, and higher GLCM homogeneity, p = 0.005; and GLCM correlation p = 0.030) at the pre-TARE CT scan. A favourable radiomic signature was calculated and observed in 15 of the 55 patients. The median PFS of these 15 patients was 12.1 months and that of the remaining 40 patients was 5.1 months (p = 0.008).

Conclusions

Texture analysis of pre-TARE CT scans can quantify vascularisation and homogeneity of iCC architecture, providing clinical information useful in identifying ideal TARE candidates.

Key Points

• Hypervascular tumours with a more homogeneous uptake of iodine contrast in the arterial phase were those most likely to be effectively treated by TARE.
• The arterial phase was observed to be the best acquisition phase for providing information regarding the “sensitivity” of the tumour to TARE.
• Patients with favourable radiomic signature showed a median progression-free survival of 12.1 months versus 5.1 months of patients with an unfavourable signature (p = 0.008).

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