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05.02.2018 | Original Paper

Ranibizumab versus aflibercept for the treatment of vascularized pigment epithelium detachment due to age-related macular degeneration

Zeitschrift:
International Ophthalmology
Autoren:
Alexandros Rouvas, Irini Chatziralli, Angeliki Androu, Panagiota Mpougatsou, Dimitrios Alonistiotis, Maria Douvali, Stamatina A. Kabanarou, Panagiotis Theodossiadis

Abstract

Purpose

To compare the efficacy and safety of two intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) agents, ranibizumab and aflibercept, for the treatment of vascularized pigment epithelium detachment (vPED) due to age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in a follow-up time of 12 months.

Methods

Participants in this study were 71 patients (71 eyes) with vPED due to AMD, who were treated with intravitreal 0.5 mg ranibizumab (n = 38) or 2.0 mg aflibercept (n = 33) and had at least 12-month follow-up. All patients underwent best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) measurement and optical coherence tomography at baseline and at every visit. The PED height, the presence of subretinal fluid (SRF), intraretinal fluid and diffuse macular edema (DME) were recorded at each visit.

Results

There was a statistically significant difference in BCVA between the two groups at month 12 in favor of aflibercept. However, both agents were found to improve or stabilize BCVA in the majority of patients at the end of the follow-up. The change in PED height did not differ significantly between the two groups at the end of the follow-up with similar number of injections. At month 12, there was a significant improvement in SRF presence in both groups compared to baseline.

Conclusions

Although aflibercept was found to be superior to ranibizumab regarding BCVA improvement, both agents showed anatomical effectiveness with significant reduction in PED height and SRF absorption in patients with vPED due to AMD.

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