01.12.2010 | Trauma Surgery | Ausgabe 12/2010
Rare complication after VAC-therapy in the treatment of deep sore ulcers in a paraplegic patient
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
- Mustafa Citak, Manuel Backhaus, Renate Meindl, Gert Muhr, Tobias Fehmer
The VAC-therapy is a safe, easy, and effective therapy for the management of chronic wounds. Known advantages of the VAC technique are the quicker wound healing by stimulating the blood flow, the formation of granulation tissue, angiogenesis, and cell proliferation. The use of negative pressure treatment can decrease the number of dressing changes and length of hospital stay. However, some related complications after and during VAC therapy have been described. We here describe a rare complication during the treatment of severe os ischium sore with VAC therapy, which has not been reported in the literature yet. We report about a 43-year-old paraplegic patient, referred to our clinic from a regional hospital where he had been admitted 2 months earlier, presenting with a necrotizing fasciitis after VAC therapy during the treatment of fourth grade os ischium sore. After operative debridement and long-term antibiotics with Ciprofloxacin soft tissue closure was performed using a myocutaneous tensor fascia lata flap. Temporary stabilization was achieved by a triangle external fixateur attached to the right femur and the pelvis. After 1 week the tapping point of the muscle flap could be covered with local skin mesh-graft from the right calf as a donor site. The patient was mobilized in a wheelchair and was discharged home 3 months after admission. The VAC technique is a safe, easy, and effective means in chronic wound care management. However, the described rare complication should be kept in mind. The clinical management of VAC therapy requires a distinct indication and close clinical monitoring by experienced medical professionals. The use of VAC therapy in fourth grade sores may have deleterious consequences for the patient.