Skip to main content
main-content

27.04.2016 | Brief Communication | Ausgabe 10/2016

Quality of Life Research 10/2016

Rasch analysis of the Personal Wellbeing Index

Zeitschrift:
Quality of Life Research > Ausgabe 10/2016
Autoren:
RoseAnne Misajon, Julie Pallant, Ana-Maria Bliuc

Abstract

Purpose

The Personal Wellbeing Index (PWI) is used internationally to measure subjective well-being. While numerous studies have reported on the psychometric properties of the PWI using classic test theory, the current paper provides additional psychometric evaluation using the Rasch measurement model.

Method

The responses to the PWI items of 593 healthy adults living in Australia or Canada were analysed using Rasch analysis. Assessed were overall model fit was assessed, individual person fit and item fit, reliability, differential item functioning (DIF), unidimensionality, targeting, and response format.

Results

Results indicate excellent psychometric properties of the PWI, provided the religion/spirituality item is excluded. The seven-item PWI showed good model fit (overall item–trait interaction χ 2 = 70.59, df = 63, p = 0.24), excellent person separation (PSI = .89), no item or person misfit, and no DIF for country or gender, and unidimensionality was supported. In addition, only very mild disordered thresholds were observed for the ‘safety’ item, indicating that overall, the 11-point response format was suitable for this population.

Conclusion

It is recommended that the religion/spirituality item not be included in the aggregated or averaged total score in Western context and that caution should be used in comparison across different groups where the eight-item version has been used.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Für Ihren Erfolg in Klinik und Praxis - Die beste Hilfe in Ihrem Arbeitsalltag als Mediziner

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Jetzt e.Med zum Sonderpreis bestellen!

Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 10/2016

Quality of Life Research 10/2016 Zur Ausgabe