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13.06.2019 | Ausgabe 8/2019

Journal of General Internal Medicine 8/2019

Re-thinking How We Teach Quality Improvement: Adding Meaning to an ACGME Requirement

Journal of General Internal Medicine > Ausgabe 8/2019
DO Katlyn Baxter, MD, FACP Chelsey Petz, MD, MPH, FAAFP Jennifer L. Middleton, PharmD Miriam Chan
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s11606-019-05059-7) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Prior Presentations

Portions of this manuscript were presented in poster format at the Society for General Internal Medicine national conference, April 2018.

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Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.



Many residency programs have struggled to meaningfully meet the ACGME quality improvement (QI) requirements. Similarly, our residents were receiving limited QI education, and their longitudinal projects were ineffective.


Create an integrated didactic and experiential learning environment that equips residents to become leaders of QI.

Setting and Participants

Internal medicine (IM) residency program of 45 residents in a large community hospital.

Program Description

This curriculum included eight content areas. Games, real-life application, and project celebrations cultivated engagement. Sessions occurred during residents’ 2-week outpatient rotations. Project development was standardized.

Program Evaluation

The QI Knowledge Application Tool-Revised (QIKAT-R) and separate surveys were used before and after the curriculum’s implementation to evaluate resident QI knowledge and confidence, respectively. We also tracked QI scholarship and faculty engagement. Mean QIKAT-R scores improved significantly from 7.0 (SD 2.9) at baseline to 16.6 (SD 4.7) post-curriculum (n = 37 pairs, p = 0.043). Residents’ adverse event reporting increased from 44% (19/43) at baseline to 90% (28/31) post-curriculum. Seven presentations were accepted for local, regional, and national conferences, compared with one presentation the preceding year.


A QI curriculum can be successfully integrated in a “4 + 2” program.

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