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01.06.2013 | Healthcare Policy and Outcomes | Ausgabe 6/2013

Annals of Surgical Oncology 6/2013

Readmission After Pancreatic Resection is not an Appropriate Measure of Quality

Zeitschrift:
Annals of Surgical Oncology > Ausgabe 6/2013
Autoren:
BA Irmina Gawlas, MD Monica Sethi, MD, MS Megan Winner, MD Irene Epelboym, MD James L. Lee, MD, PhD Beth A. Schrope, MD John A. Chabot, MD John D. Allendorf
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1245/​s10434-012-2763-y) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Irmina Gawlas and Monica Sethi contributed equally to this study.

Abstract

Background

Hospital readmission has been proposed as a metric for quality of medical and surgical care. We examined our institutional experience with readmission after pancreatic resection, and assessed factors predictive of readmission.

Methods

We reviewed 787 pancreatic resections performed at a single institution between 2006 and 2010. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to assess the relationships between preoperative and postoperative characteristics and readmission. Reasons for hospital readmission were examined in detail.

Results

We found the 30-day readmission rate after pancreatic resection to be 11.6 %. In univariate analysis, young age, pancreaticoduodenectomy versus other operations, open versus laparoscopic technique, fistula formation, the need for reoperation, and any complication during the index hospitalization were predictive of readmission. In multivariate analysis, only young age and postoperative complication were predictive of readmission. Vascular resection, postoperative ICU care, length of stay, and discharge disposition were not associated with readmission. The most common reasons for readmission were leaks, fistulas, abscesses, and wound infections (45.1 %), delayed gastric emptying (12.1 %), venous thrombosis (7.7 %), and GI bleeding (7.7 %).

Conclusions

We found the vast majority of readmissions after pancreatic resection were to manage complications related to the operation and were not due to poor coordination of care or poor discharge planning. Because evidence-based measures to prevent these surgical complications do not exist, we cannot support the use of readmission rates themselves as a quality indicator after pancreatic surgery.

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