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18.06.2020 | Original Research | Ausgabe 8/2020

Advances in Therapy 8/2020

Real-World Effectiveness and Safety of a Single-Pill Combination of Olmesartan/Amlodipine/Hydrochlorothiazide in Korean Patients with Essential Hypertension (RESOLVE): A Large, Observational, Retrospective, Cohort Study

Zeitschrift:
Advances in Therapy > Ausgabe 8/2020
Autoren:
Sung-Ji Park, Si Jae Rhee
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s12325-020-01404-z) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Digital Features

To view digital features for this article go to https://​doi.​org/​10.​6084/​m9.​figshare.​12436607.

Abstract

Background

The efficacy and safety of a single-pill combination (SPC) of olmesartan/amlodipine/hydrochlorothiazide (OLM/AML/HCTZ) have been established previously through multiple studies. However, the real-world data in Korean patients are still limited. This study evaluated the effectiveness and safety of SPC of OLM/AML/HCTZ in a real practice setting in Korean patients with essential hypertension.

Methods

This was an observational, retrospective, multi-center, non-comparative cohort study. Medical records of 9749 patients with essential hypertension who had been prescribed OLM/AML/HCTZ within 1 year of the study were analyzed. The primary outcome was the achievement rate (%) of the target blood pressure goal of a systolic blood pressure (SBP) of < 140 mmHg and a diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of < 90 mmHg following administration of OLM/AML/HCTZ. The secondary outcomes included the rate of BP control measured at each visit, the amount of BP reduction compared to the index date, and the prescribing patterns of OLM/AML/HCTZ. Safety and tolerability were assessed by the incidence rate of adverse events (AEs) and discontinuation.

Results

In the effectiveness analysis set (n = 9604), the overall achievement rate of target BP was 82.56%. The mean SBP/DBP was significantly reduced compared to baseline at all visits (all p < 0.0001), with the greatest reduction occurring at week 2. The achievement rate of target BP was above 71%, regardless of the presence of risk factors (diabetes mellitus, DM; cardiovascular disease, CVD; chronic kidney disease, CKD). Patients with CVD and aged > 65 years showed a significantly higher achievement rate (p < 0.05). A significant relationship existed between the primary outcome and age (p < 0.0001). The achievement rate exceeded 74% in all different age groups. In the safety analysis set (n = 9661), AEs were reported in 8.46% of patients, with the most frequent AE being dizziness. Serious adverse events (SAEs) and unexpected adverse events (UAEs) occurred in 0.96% and 3.73% patients, respectively. This was consistent with the previously reported safety profile of OLM/AML/HCTZ. The majority of AEs were mild to moderate and resolved during the observation period. The discontinuation rate of OLM/AML/HCTZ due to AEs was 1.67%.

Conclusion

This study demonstrated significant effectiveness of OLM/AML/HCTZ in achieving target BP in Korean patients with essential hypertension. OLM/AML/HCTZ was well tolerated.

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