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15.09.2020 | Topic Paper

Reasons to believe in vaporization: a review of the benefits of photo-selective and transurethral vaporization

Zeitschrift:
World Journal of Urology
Autoren:
Russell N. Schwartz, Felix Couture, Iman Sadri, Adel Arezki, David-Dan Nguyen, Ahmed S. Zakaria, Kyle Law, Dean Elterman, Malte Rieken, Hannes Cash, Kevin C. Zorn
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Abstract

Purpose

In the current review, we will discuss the state of the literature of vaporization of the prostate for the treatment of benign prostatic enlargement (BPE). We discuss two methods of vaporization of the prostate: Transurethral Vaporization of the Prostate (TUVP) and Greenlight Photo-selective Vaporization of the Prostate (PVP).

Methods

A comprehensive review of the literature was performed on TUVP and PVP. The literature on transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) was also extensively reviewed as a comparative surgical method.

Results

The evidence shows that TUVP appears to be the safer choice, as compared to TURP due to less intra- and peri-operative complications. PVP was associated with less bleeding complications than TURP with outpatient discharge. Importantly, PVP was not associated with serious bleeding events requiring blood transfusions or medical treatment in patients under anticoagulation or antiplatelet therapies. PVP was also shown to be a cost-effective option compared to TURP.

Conclusion

Prostate vaporization for the treatment of BPE appears to be an efficient and safer alternative to TURP. Vaporization techniques, particularly Greenlight PVP, should be offered to most men, especially those under anticoagulation therapy, as well as patients at risk of bleeding complications.

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