15.04.2019 | Oral Disease and Nutrition (F Nishimura, Section Editor) | Ausgabe 2/2019
Recent Changes and Improvements in Multidisciplinary Perioperative Management From a Nutritional Perspective: Dental Specialty Should Be Considered Important
Current Oral Health Reports
- Yoshihiko Soga, Yasuhiro Shirakawa, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara, Takako Ashiwa, Hiroshi Morimatsu
Purpose of Review
Recently, multidisciplinary strategies on accelerated recovery postoperatively have been provided, and management of the perioperative period has changed and improved dramatically. We summarize the enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS®) protocol and its outcomes from a nutritional perspective. We established the perioperative management center (PERiO), much of whose work contents conform to ERAS®, but intensive dental staff involvement is characteristic. We also summarize its outcomes.
ERAS® is a multimodal perioperative care pathway designed to achieve early recovery for patients undergoing major surgery. Nutrition is a key pillar for patient care. Throughout the perioperative period, oral nutrition is suggested as well as possible. Good outcomes have been reported by a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. However, the dental staff are not regarded as part of the professional team. PERiO reported good outcomes of care bundles and suggested the importance of dental staff contribution. The Japanese social insurance system began to cover involvements of the dental staff for perioperative oral management since 2012. Analysis of the nationwide administrative claims database in Japan concluded that preoperative oral care by a dentist significantly reduced postoperative complications in patients undergoing cancer surgery.
Currently, the dental staff are not regarded as key professionals of ERAS®, although the dental staff can contribute to good outcomes in the perioperative period and PERiO, and consequently, the Japanese universal health insurance coverage system covering involvements of the dental staff for perioperative oral management showed good outcomes. Therefore, further clinical studies involving dental specialty should be considered important for perioperative management from nutritional perspectives.