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23.11.2016 | Original Article | Ausgabe 6/2017

Heart and Vessels 6/2017

Reduced trans-mitral A-wave velocity predicts the presence of wild-type transthyretin amyloidosis in elderly patients with left ventricular hypertrophy

Zeitschrift:
Heart and Vessels > Ausgabe 6/2017
Autoren:
Satoru Yamamura, Yasuhiro Izumiya, Toshifumi Ishida, Yoshiro Onoue, Yuichi Kimura, Shinsuke Hanatani, Satoshi Araki, Koichiro Fujisue, Daisuke Sueta, Hisanori Kanazawa, Seiji Takashio, Hiroki Usuku, Koichi Sugamura, Kenji Sakamoto, Eiichiro Yamamoto, Megumi Yamamuro, Hisayo Yasuda, Sunao Kojima, Koichi Kaikita, Seiji Hokimoto, Hisao Ogawa, Kenichi Tsujita

Abstract

Wild-type transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTRwt) is often overlooked in elderly patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Impaired atrial function, in addition to ventricular diastolic dysfunction, is one of the hallmarks of cardiac amyloidosis. Here, we assessed the hypothesis that atrial function evaluated by A-velocity in pulse Doppler echocardiography is useful to differentiate ATTRwt in elderly patients with LVH. We analyzed 133 consecutive patients who underwent tissue biopsy to rule out infiltrative cardiomyopathy in our institute. We excluded patients younger than 50 years, without LVH (LV thickness was less than 12 mm), with other types of cardiac amyloidosis and patients with chronic atrial fibrillation, and analyzed remaining 51 patients (ATTRwt: 16, non-ATTRwt: 35). ATTRwt patients were significantly older and had advanced heart failure compared with non-ATTRwt group. In echocardiography, E/A, E/e′, and relative wall thickness was significantly higher in ATTRwt group than non-ATTRwt group. A-velocity was significantly decreased in ATTRWT group compared with non-ATTRwt group (40.8 ± 20.8 vs. 78.7 ± 28.2 cm/s, p = 0.0001). Multivariate logistic analysis using eight forced inclusion models identified trans-mitral Doppler A-wave velocity was more significant factor of cardiac amyloidosis in ATTRwt. In receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, the area under the curve (AUC) for A-wave velocity in discrimination between ATTRwt and non-ATTRwt were 0.86 (CI 0.76–0.96, p < 0.001). The cut-off value was 62.5 cm/s, and it yielded the best combination of sensitivity (69.7%) and specificity (87.5%) for prediction of amyloidosis. We concluded that reduced A-velocity predicts the presence of ATTRwt in elderly patients with LVH in sinus rhythm.

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