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14.09.2017 | Original Article | Ausgabe 2/2018

International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries 2/2018

Regression-based prediction of seeking diabetes-related emergency medical assistance by regular clinic patients

Zeitschrift:
International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries > Ausgabe 2/2018
Autoren:
Wasantha P. Jayawardene, Dayani C. Nilwala, Godfred O. Antwi, David K. Lohrmann, Mohammad R. Torabi, Stephanie L. Dickinson

Abstract

This study aims to examine diabetes-related emergency medical assistance (DREMA)-seeking factors among type-2 diabetes patients and predict likelihood of patients seeking DREMA before their next scheduled clinic visit. This case-control-designed study comprised a systematic random sampling of 228 patients who completed a structured interview (mean age = 62.6 years). DREMA prediction model was developed based on parameter estimates of a logistic regression model on DREMA (≥ 1 admission vs. 0 admissions), with variable selection from a forward stepwise selection process, considering all 24 potential independent variables. For the final DREMA prediction model, four variables were retained via forward stepwise logistic regression analysis: (1) age, (2) type of rice consumed, (3) physical activity outside of a regular job, and (4) leisure time exercise frequency. Likelihood of seeking DREMA increased with aging, regular or frequent consumption of white rice rather than brown or parboiled rice, and being physically inactive outside of occupation. Odds of seeking DREMA were directly associated with frequency of exercise during leisure time. With further validation and model updating based on local population characteristics, clinicians will be able to predict the DREMA-event likelihood for each clinic patient diagnosed with type-2 diabetes. Modifiable DREMA-seeking variables suggest possible interventions for preventing undesired DREMA events.

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