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Erschienen in: Sleep and Breathing 3/2022

03.03.2022 | Neurology • Review

REM sleep behavior disorder as a complex condition with heterogeneous underlying disorders: clinical management and prognostic implications [Commentary]

verfasst von: Carlos H. Schenck

Erschienen in: Sleep and Breathing | Ausgabe 3/2022

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Abstract

Purpose

To review how REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is a complex condition with heterogeneous underlying disorders; and to review clinical management issues and prognostic implications.

Methods

PubMed literature search and contents from the first textbook of RBD (2018).

Results

RBD, with its core objective diagnostic feature of REM-without-atonia (RWA) documented by video-polysomnography, can emerge during the entire lifespan, and can initially present as an idiopathic (isolated) condition (iRBD), or can be associated with a broad spectrum of disorders including narcolepsy, alpha-synuclein neurodegenerative disorders (esp. Parkinson’s disease [PD] and dementia with Lewy bodies [DLB]), paraneoplastic neurological syndromes and autoimmune disorders, CNS lesions (e.g., tumors, stroke), other neurological disorders, psychiatric disorders (PTSD, mood disorders), can be triggered by antidepressant/other medications, and can emerge acutely with drug withdrawal states, toxic-metabolic states, etc. Important clinical issues include the evolution of iRBD to PD/DLB in most middle-aged and older patients over a period of years to several decades, with compelling prognostic implications, along with the hope of enrolling these patients in future clinical trials to test promising disease-modifying therapies. Also, the strong link of RBD with narcolepsy needs further investigation. Parasomnia overlap disorder involves RBD and NREM parasomnias that can be idiopathic or linked with a broad range of clinical disorders. RBD usually responds to therapy consisting mainly of melatonin and/or clonazepam at bedtime. The complex associations of RBD with OSA are being increasingly investigated. RBD mimics with dream-enactment need to be recognized for diagnostic and management purposes, including severe OSA, NREM parasomnias, PLMD, nocturnal seizures, and other conditions.

Conclusions

The clinical and research RBD fields span across the disciplines of neurology, pulmonary, psychiatry, psychology, and pediatric sleep medicine, along with physical medicine and rehabilitation medicine, other allied disciplines, and the basic and clinical neurosciences.
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Metadaten
Titel
REM sleep behavior disorder as a complex condition with heterogeneous underlying disorders: clinical management and prognostic implications [Commentary]
verfasst von
Carlos H. Schenck
Publikationsdatum
03.03.2022
Verlag
Springer International Publishing
Erschienen in
Sleep and Breathing / Ausgabe 3/2022
Print ISSN: 1520-9512
Elektronische ISSN: 1522-1709
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11325-022-02574-6

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