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01.06.2014 | Original Article | Ausgabe 3/2014

International Journal of Public Health 3/2014

Risk factor awareness in a coronary population and the association with health-related quality of life outcomes

Zeitschrift:
International Journal of Public Health > Ausgabe 3/2014
Autoren:
Delphine De Smedt, Els Clays, Lieven Annemans, Sofie Pardaens, Kornelia Kotseva, Dirk De Bacquer

Abstract

Objectives

The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factor level awareness in coronary patients and to assess its associations with health-related quality of life (HRQoL)/psychological distress.

Methods

Data on 8,743 coronary patients from 22 European countries, interviewed and examined at least 6 months after their acute event was available.

Results

81.7 % of patients indicated to be aware of their own blood pressure level, whereas only 46.6 % of patients indicated to be aware of their cholesterol level. Furthermore, 43.7 % of patients were aware of their blood glucose level, whereas in diabetes patients blood glucose level awareness reached 81.8 %. Risk factor level awareness was significantly associated with HRQoL/psychological distress, with patients being unaware of their risk factor levels having worse outcomes. The relationship between awareness and HRQoL/psychological distress seemed to be partly mediated by the attempt of patients to adopt a healthier behaviour.

Conclusions

Health care workers should be encouraged to inform their patients about the importance of their coronary risk factors, the actual level and their personal target.

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