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27.06.2017 | Ausgabe 1/2018

Surgical Endoscopy 1/2018

Risk factors for prolonged postoperative ileus after laparoscopic sphincter-saving total mesorectal excision for rectal cancer: an analysis of 428 consecutive patients

Zeitschrift:
Surgical Endoscopy > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Elisabeth Hain, Léon Maggiori, Cécile Mongin, Justine Prost a la Denise, Yves Panis

Abstract

Background

Prolonged postoperative ileus (PPOI) is a common complication after colorectal resection but data regarding PPOI risk factors after laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery is lacking. This study aimed to identify risk factors for PPOI after laparoscopic sphincter-saving total mesorectal excision (TME) for cancer.

Methods

All patients who underwent a laparoscopic sphincter-saving TME for cancer from 2005 to 2014 were identified from our prospective database. PPOI was defined as abdominal distension, nausea, and/or vomiting, requiring a nasogastric tube insertion, during the postoperative period.

Results

Among 428 consecutive patients, 65 patients (15%) presented with POI. In multivariate analysis, male gender (Odds Ratio (OR) 2.3 [1.1–4.5]; p = 0.026, age >70 years (OR: 2.0 [1.1–4.0]; p = 0.037)], conversion to open approach (OR 4.9 [1.5–15.4]; p = 0.007), and intra-abdominal surgical site infection (OR 3.8 [1.9–7.5]; p < 0.001) were identified as independent risk factor for PPOI. PPOI risk was 5% in patients without any risk factor but raised to 11, 28, and 54% in patients with 1, 2, or ≥3 risk factors, respectively (p < 0.001).

Conclusion

PPOI is observed in 15% of the patients after laparoscopic sphincter-saving surgery for rectal cancer. We identified four independent factors for PPOI in multivariate analysis: male, gender, age >70, conversion to open approach, and intra-abdominal surgical site infection, leading to the construction of a simple and pragmatic predictive score. This score might help the surgeon to assess patient at risk of PPOI.

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