This article is part of the Topical Collection on Bronchiectasis
Bronchiectasis is a debilitating chronic lung disease characterised by recurrent bacterial infection and colonisation with significant associated morbidity and mortality. To date, there are few licenced treatments, and the mainstay of clinical management is prompt antibiotic therapy for exacerbations and regular airway clearance. Inhaled antibiotics are a potential long-term treatment for those with recurrent exacerbations, and represent an obvious advantage over other routes of administration as they achieve high concentrations at the site of infection whilst minimising systemic side effects. The main caveat to such treatment is the development of antimicrobial resistance due to altered selection pressures.
Numerous studies of various inhaled antimicrobials have demonstrated favourable safety and efficacy profiles for bronchiectasis patients with chronic infection, which are supportive of their use in clinical practice.
There is no convincing evidence of treatment-emergent pathogens or pathogens developing resistance to the inhaled antibiotic therapy.
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- Risk of Development of Resistance in Patients with Non-Cystic Fibrosis Bronchiectasis Treated with Inhaled Antibiotics
Kate H. Regan
Adam T. Hill
- Springer US
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