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04.03.2019 | Review Paper | Ausgabe 7/2019

The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging 7/2019

Role of imaging in diagnosis and management of left ventricular assist device complications

The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging > Ausgabe 7/2019
Xin Li, Victor Kondray, Sidhartha Tavri, Arjang Ruhparwar, Samuel Azeze, Aritra Dey, Sasan Partovi, Fabian Rengier
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Heart failure is a clinical condition that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. With the advent of left ventricular assist device (LVAD), an increasing number of patients have received an artificial heart both as a bridge-to-therapy and as a destination therapy. Clinical trials have shown clear survival benefits of LVAD implantation. However, the increased survival benefits and improved quality of life come at the expense of an increased complication rate. Common complications include perioperative bleeding, infection, device thrombosis, gastrointestinal bleeding, right heart failure, and aortic hemodynamic changes. The LVAD-associated complications have unique pathophysiology. Multiple imaging modalities can be employed to investigate the complications, including computed tomography (CT), positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT), catheter angiography and echocardiography. Imaging studies not only help ascertain diagnosis and evaluate the severity of disease, but also help direct relevant clinical management and predict prognosis. In this article, we aim to review the common LVAD complications, present the associated imaging features and discuss the role of imaging in their management.

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