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15.07.2016 | Original Article | Ausgabe 3/2016 Open Access

Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 3/2016

Safety and tolerability of the olaparib tablet formulation in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumours

Zeitschrift:
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology > Ausgabe 3/2016
Autoren:
Kan Yonemori, Kenji Tamura, Makoto Kodaira, Koshi Fujikawa, Tamotsu Sagawa, Taito Esaki, Tsuyoshi Shirakawa, Fumihiko Hirai, Yuki Yokoi, Toshio Kawata, Ben Hatano, Yasuo Takahashi

Abstract

Purpose

This was the first Phase I study to assess the safety and tolerability of the tablet formulation of olaparib (Lynparza™), an oral poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor, in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumours. The pharmacokinetic profile and antitumour activity of olaparib tablets were also assessed.

Methods

In this open-label, multicentre study (D081BC00001; NCT01813474), a single dose of olaparib (200 or 300 mg, tablets) was administered on day 1, followed 48 h afterwards by multiple dosing (200 or 300 mg twice daily [bid]) for 28-day cycles. Doses were escalated in successive cohorts, with an expansion cohort enrolled at the highest dose that was confirmed to be tolerable during dose escalation.

Results

Twenty-eight patients were enrolled and 23 were treated (n = 4, 7 and 12 at 200, 300 and 300 [expansion] mg bid, respectively). No patients experienced a dose-limiting toxicity, so the maximum tolerated dose was not defined. The most frequent adverse events were nausea (43.5 %), decreased appetite (30.4 %), anaemia (26.1 %) and constipation (26.1 %). No patient had dose reductions, two had dose interruptions, and two discontinued treatment because of adverse events. Absorption of olaparib was rapid following single and multiple dosing, and plasma concentrations declined biphasically after single dosing. No patients had a confirmed antitumour response.

Conclusions

Olaparib tablet doses of 200 and 300 mg bid were considered tolerable in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumours. Consistent with the global olaparib programme, 300 mg bid was selected as the recommended tablet dose for future studies.

Clinical trial registration number

NCT01813474.

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