Skip to main content
main-content

01.03.2018 | Original Research Article | Ausgabe 3/2018 Open Access

Drugs & Aging 3/2018

Safety of Injectable HPβCD-Diclofenac in Older Patients with Acute Moderate-to-Severe Postoperative Pain: A Pooled Analysis of Three Phase III Trials

Zeitschrift:
Drugs & Aging > Ausgabe 3/2018
Autoren:
Jacques E. Chelly, Peter G. Lacouture, Christian Russel D. Reyes

Abstract

Background

Hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin-diclofenac (HPβCD-diclofenac) is an NSAID used to treat acute moderate-to-severe postoperative pain. This post hoc analysis investigated the safety of HPβCD-diclofenac in patients aged ≥ 65 years.

Methods

Data from three phase III trials of HPβCD-diclofenac in adult patients with acute moderate-to-severe postoperative pain were pooled (NCT00448110, NCT00507026, and NCT00726388). Patients who received one or more dose of HPβCD-diclofenac or placebo were included and stratified according to age: < 65, 65–74, or ≥ 75 years. Numerical and categorical variables were compared across the groups using ANOVA and Cochran–Mantel–Haenszel tests, respectively. Cochran–Mantel–Haenszel relative risks compared with placebo were calculated, adjusted by study.

Results

Overall, 1289 patients were included: 878, 282, and 129 in the < 65, 65–74, and ≥ 75-years groups, respectively. Overall incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) was similar in the three groups (p = 0.4360). Incidences of postoperative anemia (p < 0.0001), constipation (p = 0.0017), and hypotension (p = 0.0003) increased significantly across the age groups, whereas headache (p = 0.0008) and flatulence (p = 0.0118) decreased significantly. Relative risks for all System Organ Class categories and preferred terms investigated were similar among the groups and similar to placebo.

Conclusions

Overall incidence of TEAEs in patients aged 65–74 or ≥ 75 years was similar to patients aged < 65 years. The groups displayed similar relative risks for the most frequent TEAEs, which were all similar to placebo. The TEAE profiles of the groups showed differences, all of which may be anticipated due to age-related differences in susceptibility and the types of surgery most commonly performed in each group.

Clinicaltrials.gov identifiers

NCT00448110, NCT00507026, and NCT00726388.

Unsere Produktempfehlungen

e.Med Interdisziplinär

Kombi-Abonnement

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 3/2018

Drugs & Aging 3/2018 Zur Ausgabe

Neu im Fachgebiet Innere Medizin

Meistgelesene Bücher aus der Inneren Medizin

2017 | Buch

Rheumatologie aus der Praxis

Entzündliche Gelenkerkrankungen – mit Fallbeispielen

Dieses Fachbuch macht mit den wichtigsten chronisch entzündlichen Gelenk- und Wirbelsäulenerkrankungen vertraut. Anhand von über 40 instruktiven Fallbeispielen werden anschaulich diagnostisches Vorgehen, therapeutisches Ansprechen und der Verlauf …

Herausgeber:
Rudolf Puchner

2016 | Buch

Ambulant erworbene Pneumonie

Was, wann, warum – Dieses Buch bietet differenzierte Diagnostik und Therapie der ambulant erworbenen Pneumonie zur sofortigen sicheren Anwendung. Entsprechend der neuesten Studien und Leitlinien aller wichtigen Fachgesellschaften.

Herausgeber:
Santiago Ewig

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Innere Medizin und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

© Springer Medizin 

Bildnachweise