Skip to main content
main-content

01.10.2015 | Review | Ausgabe 4/2015

Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics 4/2015

Safety of insulin analogs during pregnancy: a meta-analysis

Zeitschrift:
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics > Ausgabe 4/2015
Autoren:
ShiShi Lv, JiYing Wang, Yong Xu

Abstract

Objective

The objective of this study was to assess the safety of four insulin analogs (aspart, lispro, glargine, and detemir) for the treatment of diabetes in pregnancy.

Methods

We searched Embase, Pubmed, and the Cochrane Central Register for Controlled Trials database through May 31, 2014. All articles were reviewed by two independent researchers, and if a discrepancy was noted, a third researcher was consulted. Results data were summarized by RevMan 5.2 software.

Results

Our search resulted in the retrieval and screening of 3519 studies. Of those, 24 studies met the eligibility criteria; the studies reported on a total of 3734 women with pre-gestational or gestational diabetes during pregnancy. The use of lispro was associated with lower rates of neonatal jaundice (RR = 0.63) and severe maternal hypoglycemia (RR = 0.33) than regular insulin. Lispro use was also associated with higher birth weight (WMD = 116.44) and an increased incidence of large for gestational age (LGA) births (RR = 1.42) compared with regular insulin. Rates of cesarean section and macrosomia were similar in pregnant women treated with aspart and regular insulin. Birth weights and rates of severe maternal hypoglycemia, respiratory dysfunction syndrome, and neonatal intensive care unit admission were similar after pregnant women were treated with glargine and NPH insulin. Rates of LGA, macrosomia, and neonatal hypoglycemia were similar after pregnant women were treated with detemir and NPH insulin.

Conclusions

Aspart, glargine, and detemir are safe treatment options for diabetes during pregnancy; these insulin analogs did not increase complications for the mothers or fetuses in our study. However, lispro was related to higher birth weight and increased rate of LGA in neonates. More high-quality randomized controlled trials are needed to clarify the best treatment options for diabetes during pregnancy.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Für Ihren Erfolg in Klinik und Praxis - Die beste Hilfe in Ihrem Arbeitsalltag als Mediziner

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 4/2015

Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics 4/2015 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Gynäkologie & Urologie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Gynäkologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise