13.04.2022 | Original Article
Safety of retrograde cerebral perfusion under moderate hypothermia for hemiarch replacement
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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Aortic surgeries performed under moderate hypothermia require antegrade cerebral perfusion. The influence of retrograde cerebral perfusion under moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest remains unknown. To clarify this effect, this study aimed to compare the early outcomes of retrograde versus antegrade cerebral perfusion under moderate hypothermia for hemiarch replacement.
Between March 2009 and April 2020, 391 hemiarch replacements under moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest via median sternotomy were performed at our institution. Of these, 70 involved retrograde perfusion and 162 involved antegrade perfusion. Propensity score matching was used to compare 61 pairs of retrograde and antegrade cases.
Retrograde and antegrade strategy under moderate hypothermia resulted in comparable operative mortality (3.3% vs. 1.6%, P > 0.99), permanent neurological deficits (8.5% vs. 6.6%, P > 0.99), and temporary neurological deficits (24.6% vs. 39.3%, P = 0.33). Retrograde surgery was associated with shorter circulatory arrest times (31.4 ± 8.2 min vs. 37.4 ± 12.2 min, P = 0.005) and fewer red blood cell transfusions (4.6 ± 3.9 units vs. 8.2 ± 5.1 units, P < 0.001) than those with antegrade surgery.
Retrograde cerebral perfusion under moderate hypothermia for hemiarch replacement yields excellent operative outcomes, equivalent to those achieved using an antegrade strategy.