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Erschienen in: Archives of Osteoporosis 1/2022

01.12.2022 | Original Article

Screening and management of osteoporosis: a survey of knowledge, attitude and practice among primary care physicians in Malaysia

verfasst von: Chai Li Tay, Wei Leik Ng, Hooi Chin Beh, Wan Chieh Lim, Narwani Hussin

Erschienen in: Archives of Osteoporosis | Ausgabe 1/2022

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Abstract

Summary

We surveyed primary care physicians in Malaysia for their knowledge, attitude and practice in screening and managing osteoporosis. We found a low level of screening and active management of osteoporosis in the primary care setting despite positive attitudes towards them. We advocate for the active management of osteoporosis at the primary care level.

Introduction

Prevention of osteoporotic fracture is important in primary healthcare for healthy ageing. Little is known about the knowledge, attitude, practice and barriers in the screening and managing osteoporosis among primary care doctors.

Methods

A cross-sectional study, using an online pre-tested questionnaire after face and content validation, was conducted for primary care doctors from 1 June to 30 July 2021 across Malaysia. Pearson’s chi-square test and logistic regression were employed.

Results

A total of 350 primary care doctors in Malaysia, consisting of 113 (32.3%) family medicine specialists (FMS) and 237 (67.7%) medical officers, participated in this study. The mean ± SD score of osteoporosis knowledge was 50.46 ± 15.09 with minimum and maximum values of 0 and 83.64%, respectively. One hundred and ten (31.4%) respondents achieved a satisfactory overall knowledge score of ≥ 60%, 156 (44.6%) were confident in advising patients for initiation of anti-osteoporotic medication, and 243 (69.4%) perceived that bisphosphonate should be made available in health clinics. Only 97 (27.7%) practised osteoporosis screening. Inaccessibility of bone mineral densitometry (BMD) (90.6%), inadequate knowledge (87.7%) and inaccessibility of pharmacotherapy (87.1%) are perceived modifiable barriers to osteoporosis screening and management. Factors associated with a satisfactory knowledge of osteoporosis are designation as a family medicine specialist (AOR 3.034, p = 0.002), attendance at an osteoporosis management update course (AOR 2.095, p = 0.034) and the practice of osteoporosis screening for the elderly (AOR 2.767, p = 0.001).

Conclusion

Given the insufficient knowledge and low level of osteoporosis screening, there is a need for a national structured health programme to address the knowledge gap, increase screening practices and enhance accessibility to BMD and anti-osteoporosis medication in primary care.
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Metadaten
Titel
Screening and management of osteoporosis: a survey of knowledge, attitude and practice among primary care physicians in Malaysia
verfasst von
Chai Li Tay
Wei Leik Ng
Hooi Chin Beh
Wan Chieh Lim
Narwani Hussin
Publikationsdatum
01.12.2022
Verlag
Springer London
Erschienen in
Archives of Osteoporosis / Ausgabe 1/2022
Print ISSN: 1862-3522
Elektronische ISSN: 1862-3514
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11657-022-01111-y

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