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01.12.2018 | Case report | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

BMC Cancer 1/2018

Secondary glioblastoma after treatment of intracranial germinoma - would radiation-only therapy still be safe? Case report

Zeitschrift:
BMC Cancer > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Kihwan Hwang, Kyu Sang Lee, Gheeyoung Choe, Byung-Gyu Cho, Chae-Yong Kim

Abstract

Back ground

Intracranial germinomas are one of the most radiosensitive tumors and are curable by radiotherapy (RT) alone. RT-only therapy without chemotherapy is effective. But, as patients with germinoma can expect long-term survival, the adverse effects of RT and late sequelae in survivors are of most concern. So, recently, standard treatment protocol of combination with chemotherapy and reduced dose of RT could be widely acceptable.

Case presentation

We report a patient with germinoma who developed RT-induced glioblastoma. He was diagnosed as biopsy-proven germinoma at the age of 12. Postoperatively, he underwent RT alone without chemotherapy and remained free of tumor without recurrence during long-term follow up. However, after almost 20 year, he developed RT-induced glioblastoma.

Conclusions

Although RT has the highest priority among treatments on intracranial germinomas, RT-only therapy with full dose for germinoma can have delayed severe complications. So, chemotherapy prior to reduced dose RT is more desirable.
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