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12.09.2019 | Original Article | Ausgabe 9/2019

Brain Structure and Function 9/2019

Segregated precuneus network and default mode network in naturalistic imaging

Zeitschrift:
Brain Structure and Function > Ausgabe 9/2019
Autoren:
ZhengZheng Deng, JinFeng Wu, JiaQi Gao, Yang Hu, YiWen Zhang, YinShan Wang, HaoMing Dong, Zhi Yang, XiNian Zuo
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Abstract

A resting-state network centered at the precuneus has been recently proposed as a precuneus network (PCUN) or “parietal memory network”. Due to its spatial adjacency and overlapping with the default mode network (DMN), it is still not consensus to consider PCUN and DMN separately. Whether considering PCUN and DMN as different networks is a critical question that influences our understanding of brain functions and impairments. Previous resting-state studies using multiple methodologies have demonstrated a robust separation of the two networks. However, since there is no gold standard in justifying the functional difference between the networks in resting-state, we still lack of biological evidence to directly support the separation of the two networks. This study compared the responses and functional couplings of PCUN and DMN when participants were watching a movie and examined how the continuity of the movie context modulated the response of the networks. We identified PCUN and DMN in resting-state fMRI of 48 healthy subjects. The networks’ response to a context-rich video and its context-shuffled version was characterized using the variance of temporal fluctuations and functional connectivity metrics. The results showed that (1) scrambling the contextual information altered the fluctuation level of DMN and PCUN in reversed ways; (2) compared to DMN, the FC within PCUN showed significantly higher sensitivity to the contextual continuity; (3) PCUN exhibited a significantly stronger functional network connectivity with the primary visual regions than DMN. These findings provide evidence for the distinct functional roles of PCUN and DMN in processing context-rich information and call for separately considering the functions and impairments of these networks in resting-state studies.

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