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12.05.2017 | Review Article | Ausgabe 8/2017

Supportive Care in Cancer 8/2017

Self-report of symptoms in children with cancer younger than 8 years of age: a systematic review

Zeitschrift:
Supportive Care in Cancer > Ausgabe 8/2017
Autoren:
D. Tomlinson, L. Tigelaar, S. Hyslop, T. Lazor, L. L. Dupuis, K. Griener, J. Oliveria, L. Sung
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s00520-017-3740-6) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Objective

The study’s objective was to summarize the psychometric evaluation of self-report symptom instruments used in children with cancer younger than 8 years of age.

Methods

We conducted electronic searches of Ovid Medline, EMBASE, PsycInfo, Science Citation, Social Science Citation (Web of Science), and CINAHL. We included studies of children with cancer in which their self-report symptoms had been quantified and in which results were described for those younger than 8 years of age. The search was restricted to publications in English. Two reviewers screened studies and abstracted all data in duplicate. Descriptive analysis of reliability and validity was performed.

Results

Thirteen studies were included. Only one study recruited children <8 years alone. Most studies described reliability and validity in a wider age range cohort in which most children were older than 8 years of age. Of the eight studies that evaluated reliability within the younger age group, six raised concerns about poor internal consistency with Cronbach’s alpha <0.7 in at least one dimension. Concerns about test re-test reliability and inter-rater reliability were also observed. None of the studies evaluated validity.

Conclusions

We failed to demonstrate that currently available instruments to measure self-report symptoms are reliable or valid specifically for children with cancer younger than 8 years of age. Development of psychometrically robust instruments for younger children should be a priority.

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Zusatzmaterial
Appendix 1 (DOCX 26 kb)
520_2017_3740_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Appendix 2 (DOCX 13 kb)
520_2017_3740_MOESM2_ESM.docx
Literatur
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