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01.12.2012 | Research | Ausgabe 1/2012 Open Access

International Journal for Equity in Health 1/2012

Self-reported chronic diseases and health status and health service utilization - Results from a community health survey in Singapore

International Journal for Equity in Health > Ausgabe 1/2012
Pradeep Paul George, Bee Hoon Heng, Joseph Antonio De Castro Molina, Lai Yin Wong, Ng Charis Wei Lin, Jason Tian Seng Cheah
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1186/​1475-9276-11-44) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Authors’ contributions

PPG, HBH, JADM, WLY, NGCWL and CJTS assisted with the conceptualization and the actual design of the study. PPG carried out the statistical analysis and drafted the manuscript along with HBH and JADM. WLY, NGCWL and CJTS assisted with drafting the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.



To report the extent of self-reported chronic diseases, self-rated health status (SRH) and healthcare utilization among residents in 1-2 room Housing Development Board (HDB) apartments in Toa Payoh.

Materials & methods

The study population included a convenience sample of residents from 931 housing development board (HDB) units residing in 1-2 room apartments in Toa Payoh. Convenience sampling was used since logistics precluded random selection. Trained research assistants carried out the survey. Results were presented as descriptive summary.


Respondents were significantly older, 48.3% reported having one or more chronic diseases, 32% have hypertension, 16.8% have diabetes, and 7.6% have asthma. Median SRH score was seven. Hospital inpatient utilization rate were highest among Indian ethnic group, unemployed, no income, high self-rated health (SRH) score, and respondents with COPD, renal failure and heart disease. Outpatient utilization rate was significantly higher among older respondents, females, and those with high SRH scores (7-10).


The findings confirming that residents living in 1-2 room HDB apartments are significantly older, with higher rates of chronic diseases, health care utilization than national average, will aid in healthcare planning to address their needs.
Additional file 1:Survey of knowledge, self-empowerment and health-service utilization for chronic diseases.(DOC 606 KB)
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