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27.04.2019 | Original Article

Self-reported periodontitis and migraine: results from a multicenter, cross-sectional survey in Spain

Yago Leira, Patricia Pozo-Rosich, Marta Torres-Ferrús, Marco Orlandi, José Miguel Láinez, Luis Carlos Álvaro, María José Monzón, Ángel Guerrero, David García-Azorín, Roberto Belvís, Carmen González-Oria, Ana Beatriz Gago-Veiga, Germán Latorre, Sonia Santos, María Luz Cuadrado, Juan Blanco, Rogelio Leira, Francesco D’Aiuto
Wichtige Hinweise
Rogelio Leira and Francesco D’Aiuto contributed equally as joint senior authors.

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The aim of this study was to evaluate self-reported periodontitis (PD) prevalence in migraineurs as well as to investigate the association between both diseases. A cross-sectional survey was carried out including patients diagnosed with migraine attending 12 Spanish Headache Units. We determined diagnosis of PD administering a validated self-reported questionnaire. Socio-demographic, clinical and medical information, comorbidities, daily habits, migraine characteristics and medication were collected using a questionnaire. Of the 651 consecutive migraineurs included in the study, 393 suffered from chronic migraine (CM). Self-reported PD was detected in 327 patients with migraine (50.2%). Migraineurs with self-reported PD were significantly older and had a previous history of fibromyalgia, stress, anxiety, depression, and allodynia (all P < 0.001). Additionally, this group of patients consumed more topiramate (P = 0.008) and simple analgesics (P < 0.001) than patients with migraine and without self-reported PD. Also, they were less active physically and belonged to a low education level (both P < 0.001). Prevalence of self-reported PD was significantly higher in chronic migraineurs compared to those diagnosed with episodic migraine (EM) (53.9% vs. 44.6%, P = 0.019). Logistic regression analyses showed that self-reported PD was associated with CM (OR 1.456; 95% CI 1.062–1.997, P = 0.020). However, after adjusting for significant confounders, the association was attenuated (OR 1.100; 95% CI 0.784–1.543, P = 0.581). We concluded that self-reported PD was significantly more frequent in CM compared to EM. Self-reported PD was associated with the presence of CM, although some comorbidities shared by both diseases could have an effect on this association.

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