Open Access 25.11.2021 | Original Article
Serial change in perfusion–metabolism mismatch after coronary artery bypass grafting
Erschienen in: Annals of Nuclear Medicine | Ausgabe 3/2022Einloggen, um Zugang zu erhalten
Myocardial ischemia is known to suppress fatty acid metabolism and favor glucose metabolism. However, changes in myocardial metabolism after coronary revascularization are not fully elucidated.
Thirty-eight patients with coronary artery disease were retrospectively enrolled. These patients had undergone stress perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and 123I-BMIPP SPECT in both the short-term (6.4 ± 4.7 months) and mid-term (29.9 ± 7.2 months) after isolated coronary artery bypass grafting. Tracer uptake was graded using a 17-segment, 5-point scoring model. Serial changes in SRS (summed rest score), SDS (summed difference score), the BMIPP score (total defect score of BMIPP), and the mismatch score (BMIPP score–SRS) were evaluated. In addition, persistent perfusion–metabolism mismatch (PM) was defined as mismatch score minus SDS of 3 or more during the mid-term postoperative period. The clinical parameters associated with PM were examined.
From short- to mid-term postoperative period, the extent of infarcted myocardium (SRS) did not change significantly (7.8 ± 8.0 to 7.1 ± 7.0, P = 0.117). The extent of ischemic myocardium (SDS), the BMIPP score and the mismatch score, which reflects perfusion–metabolism mismatch, were significantly improved (2.0 ± 2.8 to 0.7 ± 1.0, P = 0.010; 12.2 ± 9.0 to 9.5 ± 7.9, P < 0.001; 4.4 ± 3.7 to 2.5 ± 2.6, P < 0.001; respectively). Remarkably, perfusion–metabolism mismatch persisted in 13 patients (34%) even in the mid-term postoperative period. eGFR and SYNTAX score were independent predictors of persistent perfusion–metabolic mismatch in multivariable analysis (OR = 0.951, 95% CI 0.898–0.985, P = 0.010 and OR = 1.126, 95% CI 1.011–1.254, P = 0.031, respectively). The mismatch score both in the short- and mid-term significantly correlated with SYNTAX score (r = 0.400 and r = 0.472, respectively).
Fatty acid metabolism disturbance improved from short- to mid-term postoperative period in patients with successful reperfusion by coronary artery bypass grafting. However, in patients with severe atherosclerosis, impaired fatty acid metabolism was sustained until the mid-term postoperative period, even though ischemia had resolved.