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26.04.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 11/2018

Heart and Vessels 11/2018

Serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor level and exercise tolerance complement each other in predicting the prognosis of patients with heart failure

Zeitschrift:
Heart and Vessels > Ausgabe 11/2018
Autoren:
Atsushi Shibata, Akihisa Hanatani, Yasukatsu Izumi, Ryoko Kitada, Shinichi Iwata, Minoru Yoshiyama

Abstract

Brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) is a myokine that plays a key role in regulating survival, growth, and maintenance of neurons. We investigated whether the serum BDNF level at discharge could predict the prognosis in patients with heart failure (HF). Furthermore, we aimed to examine the relationship between this myokine and exercise tolerance. We prospectively enrolled 94 patients who were hospitalized for worsening HF and had cardiac rehabilitation. At discharge, the serum BDNF level of all patients was measured using a commercial ELISA kit and they underwent a cardiopulmonary exercise test to measure peak oxygen uptake (peak VO2). Correlation was not observed between BDNF and peak VO2. Kaplan–Meier analysis demonstrated that cardiac death or rehospitalization owing to worsening HF was significantly higher in the low BDNF group (p = 0.023). The combination of peak VO2 and BDNF levels led to the identification of subgroups with significantly different probabilities of events (p = 0.005). In particular, in the low BDNF and low peak VO2 group, the frequency of rehospitalization within half a year after discharge was much higher than that in other groups. Multivariate analysis found BDNF as an independent factor of adverse events (hazard ratio 0.956; 95% confidence interval 0.911–0.999; p = 0.046). The serum BDNF level at discharge may be a useful biomarker of the prognosis in patients with HF. Furthermore, combining BDNF and peak VO2 may be useful for predicting early cardiac events.

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