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15.09.2020 | Original article | Ausgabe 1/2021

Clinical and Experimental Nephrology 1/2021

Serum levels of galactose-deficient IgA1 in Chinese children with IgA nephropathy, IgA vasculitis with nephritis, and IgA vasculitis

Zeitschrift:
Clinical and Experimental Nephrology > Ausgabe 1/2021
Autoren:
Mengmeng Tang, Xue Zhang, Xueqian Li, Lei Lei, Hejia Zhang, Chen Ling, Jie Ni, Jicheng Lv, Xiaorong Liu, Xiangmei Chen
Wichtige Hinweise
Mengmeng Tang and Xue Zhang made equal contributions to this work.

Publisher's Note

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Abstract

Objective

IgA nephropathy (IgAN) and IgA vasculitis with nephritis (IgAV-N) are related diseases. Galactose-deficient IgA1 (Gd-IgA1) plays an important role in the pathology of IgAV-N and IgAN, so we aim to compare the serum levels of Gd-IgA1 in Chinese pediatric patients with IgAN, IgAV-N, and IgAV.

Methods

We retrospectively enrolled 52 patients with IgAN, 57 patients with IgAV-N, 26 patients with IgAV, and 40 healthy children. The serum levels of Gd-IgA1 were measured at the time of biopsy using a lectin-based ELISA method.

Results

Gd-IgA1 levels in IgAV-N patients and IgAN patients were higher than in healthy controls (303.94 ± 39.37 U/ml, 314.91 ± 47.79 U/ml vs. 273.57 ± 48.29 U/ml, P < 0.001), and Gd-IgA1 levels in IgAV-N patients were higher than in IgAV patients (303.94 ± 39/ml vs. 286. 21 ± 38.81 U/ml, P = 0.059), but the latter result is not statistically significant. The Gd-IgA1 levels in IgAV patients were comparable with those in healthy controls (286.21 ± 38.81 U/ml vs. 273.57 ± 48.29 U/ml, P = 0.267). Among the four groups, we did not observe significant correlations of Gd-IgA1 levels with eGFR, proteinuria, or the MEST-C score.

Conclusion

Serum Gd-IgA1 maybe involved in the pathogenesis of the IgAV-N and IgAN. However, we found no statistically significant correlation between Gd-IgA1 levels and clinical and pathological features.

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